104 年 - 調查、國家安全情報三等考試
1 Station box lunches evoke images of taste, sight, smell, sound, and touch. They tantalize the full _____ of human senses.
- tantalize 引逗 撩撥，惹弄，逗引 to cause (someone) to feel interest or excitement about something that is very attractive, appealing, etc. She was tantalized by the possibility of earning a lot of money quickly.
- 瞪眼，怒視 She gave the rude man a glare . 她對那個粗魯的漢子怒目而視。
- 刺眼的強光 He had to wear sunglasses because of the glare of the sun . 因為陽光耀眼，他只好戴墨鏡。This screen gives off a lot of glare. 這種螢幕發出的光太刺眼。
- brunt 最沉重（或強烈）的部分 the main force of something unpleasant The brunt of her argument was directed at the trade unionleader . 她的言論的鋒芒指向工會領袖。 to bear or take the brunt of 在…中首當其衝 The infantry have taken/borne the brunt of the missile attacks. 步兵在導彈襲撃中首當其衝。Small companies are feeling the full brunt of the recession. 小公司飽受經濟不景氣所帶來的壓力。
- gamut [ˈgæmət] 整個範圍；全部 the whole range of things that can beincluded in something In her stories she expresses the whole gamut of emotions, from happiness to sorrow. 她的短篇小説呈現了喜怒哀樂等千情百感。Jonson has run the gamut of hotel work, from porter to owner of a large chain of hotels. 小到搬運行李，大到經營一個大型連鎖飯店，飯店的各種工作瓊森都做過。
- brigade [brɪˋged]
- 【軍】旅 command a brigade 指揮一個旅
infantry/cavalry/artillery brigade 步兵旅／騎兵旅／炮兵旅
- （為某個目的而成立的）隊，團 a rescue brigade 援救隊
the fire/ambulance brigade 消防隊／救護隊
2 The story of the battle caught the public imagination. The general became an instant hero, _____ in newspapers and praised from church pulpits.
- pulpit [ˋpʊlpɪt] 講道壇 布道壇
- libel [ˋlaɪb!]【律】用文字（或圖畫等）誹謗 對……造謠中傷 He claims he has been libeled in the press . 他聲稱報紙對他造謠中傷。
- lampoon [læmˋpun] （以詩文）諷刺 嘲諷 to criticize somebody/something publicly in an amusing way that makes them or it look ridiculous; to mock or make fun of (someone or something)
The politician was lampooned in cartoons.
His cartoons mercilessly lampooned the politicians of his time.
3 A falling birth rate is an issue that is far more _____ than weever imagined. It is important and relevant to a nation’seconomic growth.
4 All the kids in Kevin’s birthday party _____ on cakes and cookies. They ate so much that some of the kids got abdominal pain.
- abdomen /ˈæbdəmən/ （人或動物的）腹（部）；（昆蟲的）腹部
adj. abdominal /æbˈdɑːmənl̟/ abdominal pains 腹痛
- scramble （急速而艱難地）移動；爬；攀登 to move or climb over something quickly especially while also using your hands
We scrambled over the boulders and kept climbing up the mountain.
As the burning plane landed, the terrified passengers scrambled for the door (= tried to reach the door quickly). 起火的飛機降落後，受驚的乘客奮力向艙門口跑去。
5 The Law Society requires current certified solicitors to _____more rigorous and extended studies for a period of two years.
- underlie (underlay underlain underlying) 位於……的下面 構成……的基礎 是…的深层原因；對…有重大影響 to be a hidden cause of or strong influence on something
The river is underlain by limestone.
We discussed the principles that underlay their methods.
The social problems underlying these crises remain unsolved . 引起這些危機的社會問題尚未解決。
Psychological problems very often underlie apparently physical disorders. 心理問題常常是明顯生理疾病的深層原因。
6 She felt guilty for not spending time with her children and _____ by buying toys for them.
7 The research found that a lot of human consumption is_____induced—it doesn’t have anything to do with people’s real wants and needs.
8 My apartment _____ a football field, so I can watch games without buying a ticket.
- withstand (withstood)經受；承受；頂住 to bear or not be harmed or affected by (something)
Our toys are designed to withstand the rough treatment of the average five-year-old. 我們的玩具設計要能經得住一般五歲兒童粗野的擺弄。
She is an artist whose work will undoubtedly withstand the test of time (= it will still be popular in the future). 她這樣一位元藝術家的作品毫無疑問能經受得起時間的考驗。
9 Dr. Lee’s research into diet and stress-managing brought him international_____ ; everybody praises him for his discovery.
10 As Internet crimes proliferate, preventive measures are considered very necessary. In other words, they have become_____ .
- illustrative US /ɪˈlʌstrətɪv/ UK /ˈɪləstrətɪv/
- 說明的 used to illustrate or explain something
- 作為例證的 serving as an example of something
Her struggle is illustrative of [=is a good example of] the difficulties facing women in her culture.
11 We should try our best to conserve the environment so that we can _____ our children a sustainable world that benefits all.
- bequeath /bɪˈkwiːθ/ /bɪˈkwiːð/ 把…遺贈給 to arrange to give money or property to others after your death
I bequeath this ring to my sister. = I bequeath my sister this ring.
Her father bequeathed her the family fortune in his will. 她父親在遺囑中寫明將家產留給她。Picasso bequeathed most of his paintings and sculptures to Spain and France. 畢卡索將他大部分的畫作和雕塑作品遺贈給西班牙和法國。
These stories were bequeathed [=handed down, passed down] to us by our ancestors.
Lessons of the past are bequeathed to future generations.
- beseech (beseeched or besought) 哀求 to beg (someone) for something : to ask (someone) in a serious and emotional way to do something
Oh, kind and gracious king, we beseech [=implore, entreat] you to set us free!
She gave the king a beseeching look.
- besiege 圍攻，圍困 The town had been besieged for two months but still resisted the aggressors. 這座城鎮雖然已被圍困了兩個月，但仍然能把侵略者拒之城外。
When the pop star tried to leave her hotel she was besieged by waiting journalists and fans. 那名流行歌星試圖離開飯店時，被一群在外等候的記者和歌迷圍住了。
After showing the controversial film, the television company was besieged with phone calls from angry viewers. 電視台播放了一齣具爭議性的電影後，就不斷收到憤怒的觀眾的電話和來信。
- bewitch 使著迷；使迷惑 He was bewitched by her beauty. 他被她的美貌迷住了。
12 There is no question about it –I saw _____ that those boys broke the window while playing soccer in the yard.
請依下文回答第 13 題至第 18 題：
The enforcement of environmental laws has led to a new growth industry in real estate, one composed of experts in the field of environmental due diligence. Environmental laws and regulations are a critical part of any real estate transaction, whether 13 , sale, lease, or financing process.
The parties need to know whether the underlying real estate is contaminated and, if so, what effect contamination will have on the economics of the deal.
Environmental due diligence has become important for a number of reasons. 14 , for example, need to determine the costs associated with environmental contamination, such as leakage from an underground fuel tank.
15 need to know whether contamination will prevent development of the property or make it prohibitively expensive—asbestos abatement costs, for example, can significantly increase the cost of renovation work. In all these cases, the parties need to know whether or not there is contamination and the estimated 16 cost.
Due diligence is not a new concept. Foryears, cautious purchasers of real estate, governed by the principle ''let the buyer beware,'' have undertaken 17 investigations. But the focus was different in earlier days. State and federal environmental laws enacted in the 1980s changed the focus of this type of investigation. These laws 18 potential cleanup liability upon owners and operators of property, regardless of whether the parties were involved in causing the contamination.
請依下文回答第 19 題至第 21 題：
Who says the American Dream is 19 ? Today the dream of owning a home isprevalent in many young people’s minds. But withtoday’s house prices, how can young people afford to buy their first home? When you apply for a 20 for yourhome, the bank will use a table to calculate the paymentschedule. Some banks are now making simplified 21 ofthese tables available to potential house-buyers to helpthem better understand the minefileds behind thepayment schedule.
debit [ˈdebɪt]【會計】借方 借記 借項 (a record of) money taken out of a bank account
The account was in debit at the end of the month (= more money had been spent than was in the account at that time). 月底帳面出現入不敷支。
Debits are shown in the left-hand column. 借方紀錄展示在左邊一欄裡。
the account records a debit of £ 50 賬目上記錄著50鎊的借款
on the debit side 在借記方
請依下文回答第 22 題至第 23 題：
Communication is a continual balancing act, juggling the conflicting needs for intimacy and independence. To survive in the world, we have to act in 22 with others. But to survive as ourselves, we have to act alone. In some ways, all people are the same: we all eat, drink and sleep. But in some ways, each person is different, and individuals’ different wants and preferences may 23 with one another. Offered the same menu, people make different, independent choices.
concert [ˋkɑnsɚt] 一致，和諧，協調，一致行動
He had his head turned by a concert of praise . 他因受到異口同聲的贊頌而忘乎所以。
24 Any discussion of ''manipulated'' photography must begin with the recognition that photography itself is an inherent manipulation, a manipulation of light, a process with many steps and stages, all subject to the biases and interpretations of the photographer, printer, editor, or viewer.
(A)Photography presents absolute reality.
(B)Photography is manipulated by the difference in light, and the photographer’s interpretation or editors’ views do not matter.
(C)The photographer manipulates the photograph to include views from the editor, printer and viewer.
(D)Photography is not unqualified truth; it is not purely objective.
25 Tennis players, such as Serena Williams, tried to spice up their look with headbands, wristbands and the like, despite the white dress code of the tournament set since the late 1800s to reduce the appearance of sweat stains.
(A)Tennis players tried to bring some tasty food to the sport.
(B)Tennis players were naturally rebellious.
(C)The all-in-white dress code made the players look ugly.
(D)Tennis players tried to grab attention by wearing eye-catching accessories.
請依下文回答第 26 題至第 28 題：
Why should you choose to write historical novels? Are they more difficult? Yes, in some ways, but they also have advantages. In writing historical you need the same skills as for any other novel, 26 . This is absolutely essential, and you need to be prepared for it and to enjoy doing it as much as you enjoy writing. There is, of course, some research needed for all novels, but usually far more for historical. This is part of the pleasure for many writers, though many admit they are often carried away and pursue avenues that have nothingto do with their current book but intrinsically fascinating. In the same way that 27 , writers like to do the same. From a practical point of view, it is easier to write a series of novels set in the past than a series set in the present. Series can be profitable for writers once they acquire a faithful readership, and the setting can move forward in time almost indefinitely. Then there is the possibility of endless variety of time and place from which the novelist can choose. 28 Some writers confine themselves to one period,others have setting from different times.
avenue 方法；途徑；管道 可能性 a way of achieving something or of reaching a goal; a possibility
We should explore/pursue every avenue in the search for ananswer to this problem. 我們應該嘗試一切途徑尋求該問題的答案。Only two avenues are open to us - either we accept his offer or we give up the fight completely. 我們只有兩條路可走——要麼接受他的提議，要麼完全放棄鬥爭。
They have closed off that avenue of discussion.
(A)especially the confidence to convince the publisher
(B)plus the ability to do research
(C)and it is better to be a publisher yourself
(D)plus the ability to see a market
(A)readers may want to make profit by reading historical stories
(B)readers may give up everything to finish reading the novel
(C)readers may befriend writers in reading
(D)readers may be seeking escapism by imagining they are living in the past
(A)We have the whole of history and the entire human race to explore.
(B)After all, they can always find historical gossips on the streets.
(C)There are lots of mysterious events in the universe.
(D)We have almost explored everything.
請依下文回答第 29 題至第 33 題：
Years ago, many scientists assumed that a woman’s heart worked pretty much the same as a man’s. But as more women entered the male-dominated field of cardiology, many such assumptions vanished, opening the way for new approaches to research and treatment. A similar shift is underway in the study of Alzheimer’s disease. It has long been known that more women than men get the deadly neurodegenerative disease, and an emerging body of research is challenging the common wisdom as to why. Although the question is by no means settled, recent findings suggest that biological, genetic and even cultural influences may play heavy roles. Of the more than 5 million people in the United States who have been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s, the leading cause of dementia, two-thirds are women. Because advancing age is considered the biggest risk factor for the disease, researchers largely have attributed that disparity to women’s longer life spans. The average life expectancy for women is 81 years, compared with 76 for men. And even after taking age into account, women are more at risk. With the number of Alzheimer’s cases in the United States expected to more than triple by 2050, there is a greater need to understand the underlying reasons women are more prone to the disease and to develop gender-specific treatments. The area of inquiry has been growing in part because of a push by female Alzheimer’s researchers, who have formed a group to advocate for a larger leadership role in the field and more gender-specific research.
29 Which of the following is widely considered the major cause of Alzheimer’s?
genetic mutation 基因突變
30 Which of the following is true about the view that a woman’s heart works differently from a man’s?
(A)It was an old view long held by the male-dominated scientific community.
(B)This view was challenged by many male researchers in the past.
(C)This view was challenged primarily by female scientists.
(D)This view developed because of advancements in cardiology.
31 According to the passage, what is the recent Alzheimer’s research mainly about?
(A)Why women live longer than men.
(B)Why women are more prone to Alzheimer’s.
(C)How Alzheimer’s treatments were discovered by women.
(D)How Alzheimer’s influences the lives of many Americans.
32 What is the relationship between dementia and Alzheimer’s?
(A)Dementia may result in Alzheimer’s.
(B)Alzheimer’s may result in dementia.
(C)The life span of Alzheimer’s patients is longer than that of the dementia patients.
(D)They are similar diseases, but found in men and women respectively.
33 What is the conclusion of the passage?
(A)Females are more prone to Alzheimer’s than men.
(B)Male researchers are encouraged to study Alzheimer’s.
(C)Gender-specific studies are now dominated by female researchers.
(D)Females make significant contribution to gender-specificresearch on Alzheimer’s.
請依下文回答第 34 題至第 37 題：
Pheromones are substances that serve as chemical signals between members of the same species. They are secreted to the outside of the body and cause other individuals of the species to have specific reactions. Pheromones, sometimes also called "social hormones," affect a group of individuals somewhat like hormones do to an individual animal. Pheromones are the predominant medium of communication among insects (but rarely the sole method). Some species have simple pheromone systems and produce only a few pheromones, but others produce many with various functions. Pheromone systems are the most complicated in some of the so-called social insects, insects that live in organized groups. Pheromones play various roles in the activities of insects. They may act as alarm substances, play a role in individual and group recognition, serve as attractants between sexes, mediate the formation of aggregations, identify foraging trails, and be involved in caste determination. For example, pheromones involved in caste determination include the "queen substance" produced by queen honey bees. Aphids, which are particularly vulnerable to predators because of their gregarious habits and sedentary nature, secrete an alarm pheromone when attacked that causes nearby aphids to respond by moving away.
aggregate: to join or combine into a single group
The Web site aggregates content from many other sites.
These insects tend to aggregate [=congregate] in dark, moist places.
scraps [plural] small bits of food which have not been eaten and which are usually thrown away廚餘； 剩菜剩飯 We give all our scraps to our cat. 我們把剩菜剩飯都拿去餵貓了。
34 What do the passages mainly discuss?
(A)how insects use pheromones to facilitate reproduction
(B)how pheromones are produced by insects
(C)why analyzing insect pheromones is thorny
(D)the different uses of pheromones among various insect species
35 What does the underlined phrase "specific reactions" refer to?
(C)particular behavior triggered by pheromones
(D)species-specific hibernation cycles
36 The purpose of the underlined word "hormones" is to point out
(A)chemical signals that are common among insects
(B)specific responses of various species to chemical signals
(C)similarities between two chemical substances
(D)how insects produce different chemical substances
37 The underlined word "sedentary" is closest in meaning to
請依下文回答第 38 題至第 40 題：
All of us know from experience that we are much more reluctant to walk away from an ongoing enterprise in which we have invested a lot than from one in which we have invested only a little. That is true of our investment in human relationships, in business projects, or in the stock market. It is true regardless of whether our investment is in the form of money, time, or effort. The same principle applies to parental investment in potential offspring. Even at the moment when an egg is fertilized by a sperm, the resulting fertilized embryo generally represents a greater investment for the female than for the male, because in most animal species the egg is much larger than the sperm. While both eggs and sperms contain chromosomes, the egg in addition must contain enough nutrients and metabolic machinery to support the embryo’s further development for some time, at least until the embryo can start feeding itself. Sperms, in contrast, need contain only a flagellar motor and sufficient energy to drive that motor and support swimming for at most a few days. As a result, a mature human egg has roughly one million times the mass of the sperm that fertilizes it. Hence a fertilized embryo, viewed simply as an early-stage construction project, represents an utterly trivial investment of its father’s body mass compared to its mother’s. But, that doesn’t mean the female has automatically lost the game of chicken before the moment of conception. Along with the one sperm that fertilized the egg, the male may have produced several hundred million other sperms in the ejaculation, so that his total investment may be not dissimilar to the female.
38 Based on the premise that “we are much more reluctant to walk away from an ongoing enterprise in which we have invested a lot than from one in which we have invested only a little,” which one of the following is the easiest to do?
(A)To burn the first chapter of your PhD dissertation draft after having worked on it for a few weeks
(B)To rewrite the body of your PhD dissertation draft after having spent two whole years on it
(C)To find another dissertation supervisor after having worked with your original supervisor for three years
(D)To change your dissertation topic after working on it for one year and having finished three chapters
39 Which of the following statements is true?
(A)When mating, the male invests much less than the female in total.
(B)When mating, the total investment of the male is roughly the same as that of the female.
(C)When mating, the female contributes much more than the male in total.
(D)When mating, the male contributes much more than the female in total.
40 According to the passage, why has the female not automatically lost the game of chicken before the moment of conception?
(A)The male does not invest as little as we may think.
(B)The female does not invest as little as we may think.
(C)The female does not invest as much as we may think.
(D)Neither of the male and the female invests as much as we think.