2018年5月5日 星期六

生理期、月經的英文怎麼說



(menstrual) period 生理期,月經

My period is about 3-5 days late. 我的月經大概晚了3到5天。
I haven’t had a period in two months. 我的月經已經兩個月沒來了。
Usually a week before my period I suffer from constipation, which causes quite uncomfortable bloating for a few days. 通常在月經前的一個禮拜,我會開始便祕,導致我有好幾天腹脹不舒服。


have one's period/ on one's period 月經來了

I'm having my periods. 我月經來了。
I can’t have cold drinks because I’m on my period. 我不能喝冰的飲料,因為我生理期到了。
While you are on your period, you should avoid drinking cold water and eating cold foods as they worsen menstrual cramps. 當月經來時,你應該避免喝冷飲和吃冰冷的食物,因為這樣會讓經痛更嚴重。


miss the period 月經沒來

She'd missed a period and was worried. 她的月經沒按期來,讓她很擔心。


menstrual cycle 月經週期

My menstrual cycle is irregular. 我的經期不固定。


cramps 經痛;生理痛;女性經期的腹絞痛

cramp意指「肌肉抽筋或痙攣」,menstrual cramps就是「經痛;生理痛」,也可以直接說cramps。
My cramps were so painful that I felt like I was going to faint. 我那個來痛到差點暈倒。
My period cramps have been getting worse and worse. 我的經痛越來越嚴重。


生理假 period leave/ menstrual leave

Italy may pass a law that grants women monthly period leave. 義大利可能通過一項法案賦予女性有每月請生理假的權力。
If you’re trying to prove yourself in a man’s world, you’re not going to take menstrual leave in case it’s interpreted as a sign of weakness. 如果你想在男人的世界裡證明自己的能力,你不會請生理假,以免被解讀為一種軟弱的表現。


衛生棉:pad

sanitary pad、sanitary napkin、maxi pad、feminine pad這些都是指衛生棉,也可以直接說pad。
overnight pad 夜用型衛生棉
panty liner 護墊
tampon 衛生棉條
menstrual cup 月亮杯
My period is so irregular that I literally need to wear a pad every single day. 我的經期很亂,幾乎要每天都用衛生棉。


生理褲:period panties/underwear/undies 

Period panties provide leak-proof protection. 生理褲提供防漏的保護。
Period-proof underwear that protects you from leaks. 防漏生理褲防止不外漏。


流量:flow

heavy menstrual flow 流量很大
When periods are very heavy or you are experiencing “flooding” or passing big clots you have what doctors call menorrhagia. 當月經量很大,或你正經歷有如「洪水」般的大出血,甚至排出大血塊,這屬於醫生所說的「經血過多症」。
The purpose of this article is to define normal and very heavy menstrual bleeding, to explain what causes heavy flow, and to show what you yourself can do in dealing with heavy flow.
My flow was so heavy that I was anemic even when taking iron supplements. 我流量大到連補充了鐵劑還是貧血。


ob-gyn = obstetrics and gynaecology 婦產科

Obstetrics產科學的縮寫
GYN則是 Gynecology婦科學的縮寫
gynaecologist 婦產科醫師


其他表示月經/生理期的說法:


time of the month 每個月的那幾天

  • It's that time of the month, so I'm very low on energy. 我那個來,所以很沒力。
  • These cramps have really gotten the best of me. I hate this time of the month. 我真的被經痛給打敗了,好痛恨每個月的那幾天。
  • Many women I know are able to control their emotions even during that time of the month. 很多我認識的女性即使在那個來的時候也很控制情緒。

menses 月經; 經血 

menses是較專業醫療的用字。

  • a late menses 月經遲來
  • her daughter's first menses 她女兒的第一次月經
  • You can tell so much about your health by variances in your menses. 可以從月經的變化得知健康狀況。


on the rag 

rag是「舊布,破布」的意思,過去在還沒有衛生棉的時期,女性是使用布料,因此有這個說法。

  • Sue doesn't go swimming when she's on the rag. 蘇在那個來的時候,不會去游泳。
  • Her pants got stained because she was on the rag and had no tampons. 她的褲子沾到經血,因為她那個來而且沒有棉條。



crimson wave/tide 

crimson是「深紅色」的意思。

  • Do you have a pad? I’m riding/surfing the crimson wave. 你有衛生棉嗎?我那個來了。
  • I am on the crimson tide this week. 我這禮拜那個來。



code red 

因為經血是紅的,所以有很多代指月經的詞語都和紅色有關。甚至還有一個app就叫「Code Red: A Survival Guide To Her Monthly Cycle(紅色警戒:每月那幾天的生存指南)」,功能就是提醒男生他們的女朋友月事在什麼時候。


shark week

shark week本來是Discover頻道播出鯊魚主題影片的「鯊魚週」,但被用來指女生每個月受苦的那一個禮拜。

  • Shannon was in a bad mood because it was shark week. 莎朗的心情不好,因為這禮拜那個來。



have the painters in 


  • Stay away from Jill. She's having the painters in today. 不要去惹吉兒,她今天那個來。
  • She is so grumpy today. The painters must be in again. 她今天脾氣好怪,大概是那個來吧。




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